Until now, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers- ICANN, association of private law which the headquartered is in California that regulates the domain names of the world, had awarded 22 generic extensions (such as .com; .net; .edu, etc) and 22 national geographic extensions (.fr, .de, .it etc).
Then its Board of Directors in October 2012, because this association has the power to make the reality and the economic value by only use of the language, has decided not to rest there and open generic Top - Level Domain (gTLDs) to any entity which will present it a convincing case, that the applicant is a company a business or a community.
So, for example, the name www.bzh was requested by 5 Brittany departments of the France, the www.ibm name requested by IBM, etc. A matter of principle and is a practical question are raised. The question of principle is the privatization of the language. How far are we going to go up the possibility for someone to capture not only a copy of a corporate name, but also an emblem of a region, or another, for example of a movement of thought, etc.?
It may be feared when there we observed that the Vatican has published June 14, 2012 a release, explaining that it felt forced to request the assignment of the name www.catholic, to protect the Catholic faith, that the release is as of "parasitism". Under such a system which is parasite of which? The fact that the filing of applications requires 185,000 dollars is disturbing, because it means that this association of private law which is ICANN doing trade; it denies it but it’s hard to believe that the examination of the file be equivalent to this cost. But then, can we buy the names of poor countries?
Will we attend a new form of sacking of scarce resources by the rich firms? The regulation has to pay attention to these balances. The second is practical. On certain designations, many requests, then even that formulate them are already very expensive, have been made. For example on name www.app. Because it implicitly refers to the name common "application", and in many languages. We then have a pure and simple ownership of common language, common to all, normally «(it is a non competitive good".
Amazon filed applications on a series of names corresponding to to what seems to correspond to its clients: free, smile, game.: free, smile, game. Maybe ICANN will refuse such an appropriation of common language.
It is possible that the association is the guardian of such a measure ? Does it refuse all? How to choose between of the pretenders of the same name? In any case, proponents of private regulation we ensure the impartiality and effectiveness of the regulator and private and all-powerful. 1930 deposited files are arranged in an automatic way, and the timing of their review will be made public in mid-July.